Balsam Fir

(Abies balsamea )

Abies balsamea

Balsam fir) develops into a handsome dense, pyramidal shaped conifer. Makes a lovely conifer for residential planting.  Plant it as a specimen in a cluster or use it for a hedge or windbreak.  Also widely used as a Christmas tree. Plant in average to moist well drained soils.

Ornamental features:

  • Foliage is lustrous dark green to bluish green with two white lines on the underside of the needles.
  • Flat soft 1" upward curving needles line the upper side of the twigs.
  • Develops full pyramidal form with little shearing.

Wildlife value:

  • Provides winter shelter for wildlife. Seeds eaten by small mammals and birds.
  • Can be found growing in swamps, cool north slopes and extreme conditions on windswept mountain tops

Horticulture profile:

  • Zone 3 to 7
  • Grows 40 to 55 ft Tall x 20 to 25 ft wide.
  • Slow to medium growth rate, 6" to 1 ft per year.
  • Prefers well-drained but moist slightly acidic soils.
  • Grows best in a cool climate with consistent moisture. Extremely cold hardy but not drought or heat tolerant.
  • Full sun to half shade.
  • Native to the northern high elevation parts of New York and New England and throughout eastern Canada.